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À propos de la formation aux TIC...
+ Accueil du site > II. Le blog

À propos de la formation aux TIC...

Mis en ligne le 18/05/2007

Comme nous venons de le voir [1], l’usage des TICE et la formation aux TIC semblent fortement liés.

Nombre d’enseignants ont saisi l’intérêt des TICE et s’y sont investis... Quand ils ne sont pas eux-même à l’origine d’initiatives pédagogiques innovantes.

La plupart d’entre eux sont autodidactes et empreints de la meilleure volonté.

Mais manifestement, si les savoir-faire sont bien réels, les compétences techniques effectives font trop souvent défaut.

Solution personnelle et méthode experte

L’exemple de l’utilisation quasi-quotidienne du traitement de texte est édifiant [2] ! Combien ignorent encore les sauts de page, le pinceau, les styles, le sommaire automatique ?

En pratique, l’utilisateur doit développer une compétence nouvelle pour réaliser une tâche nouvelle, pour résoudre un problème. Si une solution personnelle existe, la solution experte sera rarement recherchée.

Prenons l’exemple (simpliste.... quoique !) suivant : « J’ai écrit une demi-page à l’aide d’un logiciel de traitement de texte. Je veux passer à la page suivante... Comment faire ? »
- Même sans afficher les caractères non imprimables, l’utilisateur trouvera généralement seul comment sauter des lignes (paragraphes ?) avec la touche ENTRÉE. C’est la solution personnelle,
- Il aura « juste » quelques ennuis de décalage quand il voudra ajouter du contenu aux pages précédentes,
- La solution experte (le saut de page grâce au raccourci clavier CTRL+ENTRÉE) est plus rapide et plus efficace... Mais elle est rarement découverte en autonomie,
- Enfin, sur la page imprimée, la solution mise en œuvre n’apparait pas (résultat identique)... ni le temps passé à mettre en forme le document !

Hormis l’aspect formateur d’une démarche d’investigation personnelle, la résolution du problème par une solution personnelle n’invite pas à apprendre la méthode experte.

Si la solution personnelle suffit dans le cercle privé, elle se saurait remplacer la solution experte auprès des collègues et élèves.

B2i, C2i et validation

Or, justement, depuis la rentrée 2006, on demande aux enseignants de valider les compétences TIC des élèves (B2i)... voire de leur stagiaire IUFM (C2i) !

Si l’intérêt du déploiement des B2i et C2i n’est pas à remettre en cause, des questions restent en suspend :

- Que valide-t-on ? Des savoir-faire approximatifs ou des compétences expertes ?
- Comment valide-t-on ? À partir de témoignages ou en observant la technique ?
- La personnelle qui doit valider une compétence connait-elle la solution experte ?

Aussi, il semble opportun de mettre à disposition des enseignants des exemples simples de solutions expertes, des fiches techniques pratiques (i.e. qui répondent à des situations réelles).

D’où l’idée du présent site... Bienvenue sur Tech-tice.net

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