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Trucs et astuces pour INKSCAPE
+ Accueil du site > I. Fiches pratiques > 1.3. Produire / Créer / Publier > 1.3.6. Documents composites > PAO

Trucs et astuces pour INKSCAPE

Mis en ligne le 19/04/2008

Pour ceux qui utilisaient les outils de dessin du Pack Office ou de OpenOffice.org pour créer leurs supports pédagogiques, le passage à Inkscape devrait leur apporter quelques fonctionnalités intéressantes... À tester d’urgence !

Interface

- Vous pouvez masquer les bordures de la page et choisir une couleur pour le fond (par défaut, elle est transparente... C’est important pour l’exportation du bitmap au format PNG)

- Corollaire : l’espace de travail est illimité... Très pratique pour manipuler des documents complexes

- Zoom +/- : CTRL+molette (comme dans nombre de logiciels d’ailleurs)

- la Main : déplacez-vous dans l’espace de travail en cliquant-glissant en laissant enfoncé le ClicM (clic du milieu, sous la molette de la souris)

Manipulation des objets

- CTRL+D : dupliquer sur place
- ClicG : bascule vers les poignées de rotation/étirement

- Déplacez un objet à la souris et appuyez sur la barre espace pour déposer des copies de l’objet : indispensable pour des dispersions aléatoires.

- Le redimensionnement des objets peut se faire en préservant la proportion des épaisseurs des contours, les rayons des coins arrondis, les dégradés et les motifs de remplissage.

- Déplacement des objets

  • Flèches : déplacements ;
  • ALT+Flèches : déplacement au pixel près

- L’empilement des objets peut être contrôlé avec les touches Home, Fin, Page précédente et Page suivante... redoutablement efficace

- À partir d’un objet copié dans le presse-papier, vous pouvez propager à d’autres objets :

  • ses propriétés de style (MAJ+CTRL+V)
  • ses dimensions (Edition > Coller les dimensions >... )

- La barre d’état permet de modifier les couleurs de remplissage et de contour, l’épaisseur du contour et l’opacité de l’objet directement :
- faites glisser une couleur sur les cases remplissage ou contour,
- un clicD sur les cases sur les cases remplissage ou contour propose des options intéressantes : inverser, noir/blanc, supprimer, coller la couleur...

Fonctionnalités intéressantes

- Un petit plus qui change tout : tous les objets peuvent se voir attribuer un certain flou. C’est indispensable pour créer des reflets et simuler un peu les filets de dégradé d’Illustrator... En attendant mieux

- Vectorisation :

  • Chemin > Vectoriser le bitmap... Si la conversion de l’image vectorielle en image bitmap est naturelle (pour exploiter votre création), l’inverse est plus rare !!!

Depuis la version 0.40, Inkscape a intégré une application de vectorisation, Potrace : 1. Importez une image bitmap ; 2. commande Chemin>Trace bitmap : une fenêtre permet de paramétrer les options pour la vectorisation : méthode, couleurs/n&b, nombre de couches, lissage... Validez ; 3. Il ne reste plus qu’à dissocier le groupement d’objets pour éditer points et remplissages... À tester d’urgence !

(Le détail dans la documentation : http://tavmjong.free.fr/INKSCAPE/MA... )

  • Le pot de peinture vectoriel ! permet également de créer des formes vectorielles en peignant sur des objets vectoriel... et bitmap !!! Excellent

- Mettre un texte sur une courbe comme montré sur la copie d’écran ci-dessous, on peut mettre du texte sur une courbe (c’est un tout petit exemple des possibilités du logiciel mais cette fonctionnalité indispensable est assez rare... dans le monde libre ) :

  • Sélectionnez le texte ET la courbe,
  • Commande texte>mettre suivant le chemin :

Amusez-vous bien !

Cet article sera régulièrement mis à jour... au gré de mes progrès avec ce bel outil.

Version à imprimer

FORUM


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